Synonyms / Languages:
Jojobaöl, Jojobasamenöl, Jojobakernöl, jojoba oil, jojoba seed oil, Huile de graines de jojoba, El aceite de semillas de jojoba, Olio di semi di jojoba, Масло из семян жожоба, jojoba mag olaj, jojoba olie, Jojoba ulje sjemenki
Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) more precisely Jojoba shrub, belongs to the hardy plants and is the only plant species of the monotypical genus Simmondsia, the only genus of the Simmondsiaceae family. So there is only one kind in the family. It belongs to the order of the carnation (Caryophyllales). It is a useful plant. The name comes from the language of Tohono O'Odham, where it is pronounced "ho-ho-wi" and then called "ho-ho-ba" by the Spanish people.
The first mentions of the Jojoba seeds originate from Spanish missionaries in 1716 the Jesuit Luis Xavier Velarde and 1769 in the Franciscan Juniber Serra's diaries. The shrub as well as the name "Jojoba" was mentioned by the Jesuit Francisco Javier Clavijero later in the book Storia Della California postum, Venice 1789, and thereby known.
Also many trivial names are known wild hazelnut, pig-, deer-, sheep-, goat nut, coffee berry, lemon leaf. The Jojoba oil was first analyzed by Léon Diguet in 1895. In 1933, the specific consistency of the jojoba oil was recognized as a wax, which also had a striking resemblance to whale oil.